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is a term which comes from those who didn't know the language mimicking
the sounds used. They were the uncivilized cultures who did not live
in large cities or build a large amount of permanant structures. This
included Goths, Vikings and Celts, who eventually spread across the
West, fighting the resistance by the Romans.
In Medieval Europe, literacy was not particularly common. Ideas essentially
had to be preserved in one of two ways. They would either be passed
on through word of mouth, or if they were to be permanent they had to
be recorded by the Christian church. Monks were literate and would spend
their days in seclusion praying and translating and recording. The catch
to this was the the church could alter or omit anything they wanted.
Thigns that did not conform to their beliefs, or were simply deemed
to not matter would not appear in the books put out by the church, and
so we often have little knowledge of them. What is best recorded is