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Islamic Architecture

Adiliyya Mosque, Aleppo, Syria
Floor plan & elevation

Alhambra

Located in Granada is a palace complex built by Moorish rulers of Spain (or Al-Andalus) in the mid 1300s.AlhambraIts full name translates to "the red fortress" which comes from the colour of the clay in the area used in construction of the palace. The artistic style found inside is influenced by Islamic art, and the Moorish culture that dominated Spain at the time. Outside, the water and fountains are a display of grandness as in hot climates like these water is a symbol of wealth. Much of the inside and outside of the palace is covered in arabesque. Some of these patterns of geometry, foliage, and calligraphy would have originally been painted with very bright blues, reds, and yellows but centuries of sun have dulled them.closeup view of the detail found in the arabesquesThere is much symoblism to be found in this complex. Over the gate to the entrance there are two important carvings. One, a hand said to guard against the evil eye. The other is a key which is symbolic of authority. Also of important is the honeycomb vaulting found in the large hall. Not only does this mocárabe vaulting give the building a feeling of weightlessness and flow, but it represents the cave where Mohammed is said to have revieved to Koran.
honeycomb vaulting