| Islamic Decorative Arts
| Islamic Architecture
Adiliyya Mosque, Aleppo, Syria
Floor plan & elevation
Located in Granada is a palace complex built by Moorish rulers of Spain
(or Al-Andalus) in the mid 1300s.Its
full name translates to "the red fortress" which comes from
the colour of the clay in the area used in construction of the palace.
The artistic style found inside is influenced by Islamic art, and the
Moorish culture that dominated Spain at the time. Outside, the water
and fountains are a display of grandness as in hot climates like these
water is a symbol of wealth. Much of the inside and outside of the palace
is covered in arabesque. Some of these patterns of geometry, foliage,
and calligraphy would have originally been painted with very bright
blues, reds, and yellows but centuries of sun have dulled them.There
is much symoblism to be found in this complex. Over the gate to the
entrance there are two important carvings. One, a hand said to guard
against the evil eye. The other is a key which is symbolic of authority.
Also of important is the honeycomb vaulting found in the large hall.
Not only does this mocárabe vaulting give the building a feeling of
weightlessness and flow, but it represents the cave where Mohammed is
said to have revieved to Koran.